This day in #History
October 3rd

2333 BC – The state of Gojoseon ( Modern -day
Korea ) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the
reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao.
52 BC – Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls , surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar , ending the siege and
battle of Alesia.

42 BC – First Battle of Philippi : Triumvirs Mark
Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with
Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius .

1143 – Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II

1247 – Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic
German emperor

1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in
Wales , becomes the first person executed by being
hanged, drawn and quartered.

1430 – Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
1735 – France & Emperor Karel VI sign peace accord
1739 – The
Treaty of
Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at
the end of the Russian-Turkish War , 1736- 1739 .
1778 – Capt Cook anchors at Alaska
1789 – Washington proclaims 1st national
Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26
1835 – Staedtler Company was founded by J .S .
Staedtler in Nuremburg, Germany.

1849 – American author Edgar Allan Poe is found
delirious in a gutter in Baltimore , Maryland under
mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is
seen in public before his death .

1862 – – 10] Battle of Corinth , Mississippi

1862 – Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky

1863 – Lincoln designates last Thursday in
November as Thanksgiving Day
1873 – Captain Jack and companions are hanged
for their part in the Modoc War .

1890 – Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into
Boma Congo

1899 – J S Thurman patents motor – driven vacuum
cleaner

1904 – France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco
Independence

1906 – SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st
conference on wireless telegraphy

1906 – US regime names Charles Magoon, governor
of Cuba

1918 – Boris becomes king of Bulgaria

1918 – Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of
throne

923 – Germany ‘s Stresemann resigns

1924 – King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne

1926 – 1 st congress of Paneuropabeweging opens in
Vienna

1926 – Violet Percy runs female record marathon
(3 :40: 22)

1929 – British Labour government recovers
diplomatic relations with USSR

1929 – Julius Curtius succeeds Stresemann as
German foreign minister

1929 – Kingdom of Serbs , Croats & Slovenes changes
name to Yugoslavia

1932 – Iraq gains full independence from Britain ,
joins League of Nations

1933 – Gustave “Staf” de Clerq forms Flemish
National Covenant1929 – British Labour government recovers
diplomatic relations with USSR

1929 – Julius Curtius succeeds Stresemann as
German foreign minister

1929 – Kingdom of Serbs , Croats & Slovenes changes
name to Yugoslavia

1932 – Iraq gains full independence from Britain ,
joins League of Nations

1933 – Gustave “Staf” de Clerq forms Flemish
National Covenant
1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia

1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia

1922 – 1 st facsimile photo send over city telephone
lines, Washington , DC

1941 – Adolf
Hitler says
Russia is ” broken” & would ” never rise again

1960 – Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil

1967 – King Boudouin inaugurates world ‘s biggest
floodgate (Antwerp)

1994 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso elected president
of Brazil

BIRTHDAYS

1605 – Li Tzu- ch’eng , Chinese revolutionary ,
dethroned last Ming emperor

1804 – Townsend Harris , 1 st Western consul to
reside in Japan
1844 – Patrick Manson, “Father of tropical medicine”

1854 – William Crawford Gorgas , US , Surgeon- Gen ,
help cure yellow fever

1869 – Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion
gymnast ( d. 1942)

1894 – Walter Warlimont, German General WWII ( d.
1976)

1904 – Charles Pedersen , UK , biochemist ( Nobel
1987)

1957 – Tim Westwood , Pimp My Ride UK presenter
and

DEATHS

695 – “Black Ewald” , helper of Willibrord, murdered

695 – “White Ewald” , helper of Willibrord, murdered

1226 – Saint Francis of Assisi (b . 1181 )

1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffyd, last monarch of
Gwynnedd (North – Wales ), dies

1653 – Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, historian, dies at 41

1795 – Tula, leader Curacaose slave uprising,
executed

1867 – Elias Howe , American sewing machine
pioneer (b . 1819 )

1890 – Joseph Hergenröther , German historian (b .
1824)

1929 – Gustav Stresemann , German chancellor
(Nobel 1926 ), dies at 51

1996 – Denis Frank Owen, Natural historian, dies at
65

1996 – Tom ap Rees , botanist, dies at 65

1996 – Tony Parker, oral historian, dies at 73

1997 – Alfred Leslie Rowse, historian, dies at 93

2009 – Queen Fatima, former Libyan queen ( b. 1918)

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