This day in #History
October 5th

610 – Heraclius’ fleet takes Constantinople

869 – 4th Council of Constantinople (8 th ecumenical
council) opens

1143 – The king Alfonso VII of Leon recognises
Portugal as a Kingdom.

1450 – Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by
order of Ludwig IX

1465 – French King Louis XI signs peace with
Charles the Stout

1511 – Eedgenootschap signs anti -French Saint
League

1582 – Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy, other
Catholic countries

1632 – Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of
Groningen

1665 – The University of Kiel is founded.

1693 – Haarlem people’s revolution due to food
shortages

1789 – French Revolution: Women of Paris march to
Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront
Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the
decrees on the abolition of feudalism , demand bread ,
and have the King and his court moved to Paris .

1793 – French Revolution: Christianity is
disestablished in France .

1796 – Spain declares war on England

1813 – Battle of Thames in Canada ; Americans
defeat British

1833 – Charles Darwin moves with Parana to Santa
Fe Bajada Argentina

1857 – The City of Anaheim was founded.

1862 – Battle of Big Hatchie River, MS

1862 – Federal fleet occupies Galveston , Texas

1867 – Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska

1903 – Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief
Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and
Richard O ‘Connor are appointed as foundation
justices.

1905 – Orville/ Wilbur Wright’ s “Flyer III ” flight 38. 5
km in 38.3 ”

1908 – Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey,
Ferdinand I becomes Tsar

1910 – Portugal overthrows monarchy , proclaims
republic

1911 – Italian troops occupy Tripoli

1914 – World War I first aerial combat resulting in a
kill.

1915 – Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the
Central Powers .

1916 – Soldier Adolf Hitler is injured

1921 – Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes
into effect

1947 – 1 st Presidential address televised from White
House- Harry Truman

1952 – 19 th congress of Communist Party meets in
Moscow

1960 – British Labour party demands unilateral
nuclear disarmament

1961 – China & Nepal sign treaty

1978 – Isaac Bashevis Singer wins Nobel Prize for
literature
1978 – Sweden ‘s Fälldin government falls

1978 – Over 30 major nations ratify the
Environmental Modification Convention which
prohibits environmental modification techniques

1980 – Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin
Temple in Riverdale Bronx

1982 – Hernan Siles Zuazo appointed president of
Bolivia

1983 – Lech Walesa wins Nobel Peace Prize

1988 – Brazil adopts its Constitution

1988 – Chilean population agrees at referendum
against Pinochet regime

1988 – Israel bans Meir Kahane ‘ s Kach Party on
grounds of racism

2000 – Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to
resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan
Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the
Bulldozer Revolution.

2001 – Robert Stevens becomes the first victim in the
2001 anthrax attacks.

2001 – Tom Ridge resigns as Governor of
Pennsylvania to become President Bush ‘s Homeland
Security Advisor .

BIRTHDAYS

1609 – Paul Fleming , writer

829 – Chester A . Arthur, Fairfield Vt, ( Republican)
21st American President ( 1881- 85)

1836 – George Washington Gordon , Brig Gen
(Confederate Army ), died in 1911

1840 – John Addington Symonds, Brit historian/
writer (Probs in Greek Ethics)

1844 – Francis William Reitz , State President of the
Orange Free State (d . 1934 )

1941 – Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina

DEATHS

578 – Justinus II , Byzantine emperor (565 – 78) , dies

1056 – Henry III , Holy Roman Emperor (b . 1017 )

1111 – Robrecht II of Jerusalem, Count of Flanders
(1 st Crusader) , dies

1112 – Sigebert of Gembloux , French chronicler
1285 – King Philip III of France ( b. 1245 )

1399 – Raymundus of Capua, Italian general , dies

1496 – Ferdinand II, king of Naples , dies

1990 – Meir Kahane , founder of Jewish defense
league, assassinated at 58

1976 – Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist , Nobel
laureate (b . 1903)

2004 – Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born physicist,
Nobel laureate (b . 1916)

2004 – William H . Dobelle, American biomedical
engineer, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
nominee (b . 1941)

2007 – Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World
War (b . 1898)

1996 – Seymour Cray, computer designer, dies in
auto accident at 71

2010 – Mary Leona Gage , American beauty pageant
winner and actress ( b. 1939 )

2011 – Steve Jobs,American Businessman, co-founder and CEO of Apple, dies from respiratory arrest at 56

2011 – Fred Shuttlesworth , American civil rights
activist ( b . 1922 )

2011 – Derrick Bell , American legal scholar and civil
rights advocate (b . 1930 )

2012 – Keith H .S . Campbell, British biologist , dies at
58

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