This day in #History


This day in #History
October 13th

1629 – Dutch West Indies Co grants religious
freedom in West Indies

1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by
Charles Messier

845 – Texas ratifies a state constitution

1860 – 1 st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon )

1864 – Maryland voters adopt new constitution , including abolition of slavery

1884 – Greenwich established as universal time
meridian of longitude

1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology ( Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia .

1914 – Belgian regime forms at St Adresse at Le
Havre

1914 – Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask

1914 – Pro – German Boers begin opposition of British authority in South Africa

1917 – Soviet accept establishment of Petrograd
Military

1923 – Angora ( Ankara) becomes Turkey’s capital

1953 – Burglar alarm – ultrasonic or radio waves-
patented-Samuel Bagno

1960 – Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba

1973 – Jordan enters Yom Kippur war

1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt

1982 – IOC Executive Committee approves the
reinstatement of Jim Thorpe ‘s s gold medals from the 1912 Olympics

1988 – Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz

1988 – Shroud of Turin , revered by many Christians as Christ ‘s burial cloth , is shown by carbon- dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages

1993 – Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary
Mullis & Michael Smith

1993 – Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel
Hulse & Joseph Taylor

1994 – Nobel prize for literature awarded to
Kenzaburo Oe

1995 – Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1815 – Jules Quicherat , French historian /
archaeologist

1925 – Margaret Thatcher, Grantham England, ( Tory) British PM ( 1979- 90)

1954 – Claude Ribbe , French historian

1972 – Jaime Bernardo, prince of Netherlands

1972 – Margarita Maria Beatriz, princess of
Netherlands

FAMOUS DEATHS

1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup , Danish writer , Nobel laureate (b . 1857)

1955 – Manuel Ávila Camacho , President ofMexico (b . 1897 )

1987 – Walter Houser Brattain, American physicist (transistors, Nobel 1956) , dies at 85

1990 – Lê Ðức Thọ , Vietnamese general and
politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b .
1911)

1991 – Daniel Oduber Quiros, president of Costa Rica (1974 -1978 ), dies

1996 – Albert Hughes Williams, teacher /historian , dies at 89

2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and
biographer ( b. 1936 )

2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist ,
Nobel laureate (b . 1918)

2004 – Enrique Fernando , Chief Justice of the
Philippine Supreme Court (b . 1915 )

2005 – Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights
activist ( b . 1942 )

2006 – Wang Guangmei, Chinese first lady (b . 1921)

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