This day in #History
October 18th

1386 – Opening of the University of Heidelberg

1667 – English fleet plunders Suriname plantations

1672 – Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

1685 – French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

1685 – Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism

1748 – Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession

1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery

1898 – American flag raised in Puerto Rico

1901 – Belgium’s Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights

1908 – Belgium annexes Congo Free State

1912 – Beginning of 1st Balkan War

1912 – Italo-Turkish war end

1918 – Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire

1918 – Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)

1922 – British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) forms

1932 – Belgium government of Renkin falls

1934 – Chinese Red leader under Mao Tse Tung begins Long March

1942 – Hitler orders allied commandos to be killed

1944 – Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussel

1944 – Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW I

1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first Transistor radio.

1962 – Dr Watson (US) & Drs Crick & Wilkins (Britain) win Nobel Prize for Medicine for work in determining structure of DNA

1963 – IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics

1967 – Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus

1967 – Walt Disney’s “Jungle Book” is released

1973 – Nobel prize for economy awarded to Wassily
Leontief

1989 – Hungary revises constitution

2003 – Bolivian Gas War : President Gonzalo Sánchez
de Lozada , is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.

2007 – After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to her homeland Pakistan. The samenight,suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto’sconvoy, killing over 100 in the cheering crowd,
including 20 police officers . Bhutto escaped uninjured.

2011 – Gilad Shalit is released.
.

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1595 – Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)

1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)

1859 – Henri Bergson, France, philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927

1905 – Felix Houphouet-Boigny, pres of Ivory coast (1960-93)

1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, NewOrleans,Louisiana , assassin (JFK), (d . 1963

1960 – Jean- Claude Van Damme , Brussels Belgian, actor (Kickboxer , No Retreat )

FAMOUS DEATHS

2007 – Lucky Dube, South African musician (b .
1964)

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