This day in #History 191013


This day in #History
October 19th

202 BC – Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca, leader of the invading Carthaginian army, defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus.

439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.

1453 – 2nd Battle at Castillon: French beats English, end of hundred year war

1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Peace of Thorn, Germany

1492 – Columbus sites “Isabela” (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

1512 – Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).

1576 – Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence

1722 – Frenchman C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher

1781 – British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; Revolutionary War ends

1812 – Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow

1822 – In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.

1853 – 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations

1872 – World’s largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales

1879 – Afghan’s emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign

1879 – Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light

1901 – Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower

1912 – Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control

1915 – Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria

1925 – Italian army takes Somalia

1926 – John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle

1926 – Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky & followers

1960 – France grants Mauritania independence

1960 – Martin Luther King Jr arrested in Atlanta sit-in

1960 – US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba

1962 – Stalin monument removed in Prague

1974 – Niue becomes self – govering, in association
with New Zealand

1976 – Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon . The same day ,
the Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) is placed on the
List of Endangered Species .

1981 – Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win
Nobel for physics (laser)

1983 – Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr federal holiday

1988 – 3 Americans win Nobel in physics ; 3 W
Germans win chemistry Nobel

2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for
crimes against humanity .

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1868 – Bertha Landes, 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)

1899 – Miguel Asturias, Guatemala, poet/diplomat (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), (d. 1974)

1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)

1962 – Evander Holyfield, Atmore Ala , boxer (Oly – bronze-1988 )/ champ (1990 -92)

1967 – Amy Carter, Pres Carter’s daughter/ peace
activist

FAMOUS DEATHS

1937 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist (Nobel 1908), dies at 66

1993 – Roy Armstrong, English historian (Traditional buildings), dies at 91

1994 – Munavarsjo Nazrijev, vice-president of Tadzjikistan, dies

1994 – Oldrich Cernik, Czechoslovakia premier (1968-70), dies at 72

2003 – Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (b. 1925)

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