This day in #History
October 20th

1603 – Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

1634 – English King Charles I disbands new “Ship Money” tax

1714 – Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as English King George I

1740 – Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia

1751 – Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort

1774 – Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment

1781 – Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship , was approved in Habsburg Monarchy .

1786 – Harvard University organizes 1 st
astronomical expedition in US

1803 – US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase

1813 – German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished

1817 – 1 st Mississippi “Showboat, ” leaves Nashville
on maiden voyage

1818 – 49 th parallel forms as border between US &
Canada

1818 – US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon
country

1820 – Spain sells part of Florida to US for $ 5 million

1822 – 1 st edition of London Sunday Times

1864 – US President Lincoln formally establishes
Thanksgiving as a national holiday

1880 – Amsterdam Free University opens

1883 – Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to
Chile

1903 – US wins disputed boundary between District
of Alaska & Canada

1905 – Great General Strike in Russia begins ; lasts
11 days

1905 – Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak
Polish

1906 – Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical
vacuum tube ( radio tube)

1908 – King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium

1935 – Mao Tse Tung & his Communist forces ended
their “Long March” at Yan’ an, in Shaanxi China

1936 – Spanish government moves to Barcelona

1952 – Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya

1963 – South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

1970 – American Norman Borlaug awarded the
Nobel Peace Prize

1970 – Zond 8 Launch ( Moon Orbit & Return)

1971 – West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is
awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1979 – JohnF Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

2011 – The former leader of Libya, Muammar
Gaddafi , and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed
shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011 ) while in the
custody of NTC fighters

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1891 – James Chadwick, English physicist
(discovered neutron)

1891 – Jomo Kenyatta, Gatundu Kenya, Kenyan leader and 1st Premier (1963 -78)

1971 – Snoop Dogg [Calvin Broadus], Long Beach , California, rapper

FAMOUS DEATHS

1871 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator ) , dies at 78

1876 – Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper , Dutch
sociologist/historian , dies at 68

1890 – Sir Richard Burton, British explorer and writer
(b . 1821 )

1964 – Herbert Hoover , 31st president of US
(1929 -33) , dies in NY at 90

1984 – Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian -born
biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine (b . 1896 )

1984 – Paul Dirac, English physicist, Nobel Prize
laureate, dies at 82

1986 – Samora Machel , president of Mozambique,
dies in air crash at 53

2011 – Muammar Gaddafi , Ruler of Libya ( b. 1942 )

2011 – Moatassem Gaddafi , Son of Moammar
Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya ( b.
1977)

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