This day in #history 2910
529 BC – The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.
1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1665 – Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga..
1675 – Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral.
1682 – William Penn lands at what is now Chester Pennsylvania
1794 – French troops occupies Venlo
1811 – 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
1833 – 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded
1859 – Spain declares war on Morocco.
1863 – Intl Comm of Red Cross forms (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
1864 – Greek parliament accept new Constitution
1867 – Mail packets “Rhone” & “Wye” capsizes off St Thomas Virgin Islands
1872 – J S Risdon patents metal windmill
1881 – Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.
1888 – Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for BSA Company
1889 – Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia
1889 – Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
1894 – 1st election of Hawaiian Republic
1915 – Thomas Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
1945 – 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented
1958 – Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel prize for literature
1964 – United Rep of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed United Rep of Tanzania