THIS DAY IN #HISTORY 0101


This day in #history 0114
JANUARY 1ST

1 – Origin of Christian Era

1502 – Portuguese navigators discover Rio de
Janeiro

1610 – German astronomer Simon Marius 1st
discovers the Jupiter moons , but does not officially report it , Galileo does on July 1 1610

1776 – Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

1800 – Dutch East Indies Company dissolves

1801 – The Irish Parliament votes to join the
Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1804 – Haiti gains independence from France
(National Day )

1808 – Congress prohibits importation of slaves

1808 – Sierra Leone becomes a British colony

1861 – President Lincoln declares slavery in
Confederate states unlawful

1863 – Emancipation Proclamation ( ending slavery) issued by Lincoln

1873 – Origin of Japanese Era

1876 – The Reichsbank opens in Berlin .

1877 – England’ s Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

1890 – Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the
Italian government .

1893 – Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar

1896 – Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x- rays

1899 – Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day )(US occupies till 1902)

1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.

1900 – British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established

1900 – Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect

1901 – Australia declares independence from
federation of UK colonies

1901 – Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

1912 – Sun Yat- sen forms Chinese Republic

1912 – The Republic of China is established .

1914 – Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria

1923 – Union of Socialist Soviet Republics
established

1925 – Norway ‘s capital Christiania changes name to Oslo

1927 – Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar:
December 18, 1926 ( Julian), is immediately followed by January 1 , 1927 (Gregorian ).

1945 – France joins the UN

1946 – ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly / Eckert

1946 – National Assembly proclaims Hungary a
republic

1948 – Britain nationalizes its railways

1948 – Italy adopts constitution

1948 – Orissa province accedes to India

1949 – Tokelau (Union ) Islands declared part of New Zealand

1950 – The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India.

1956 – Sudan (Anglo – Egyptian Sudan ) declares
independence from Egypt & UK

1957 – George Town , Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

1959 – Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community

1960 – Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains
independence from France

1960 – Montserrat adopts constitution

1962 – Rwanda granted internal self -government by Belgium

1962 – Western Samoa gains independence from
New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa

1967 – St Helena adopts constitution

1967 – Tonga revises constitution

1973 – West African Economic Community formed (Benin , Ivory Coast , Mali, Mauritania , Niger , Senegal , Upper Volta )

1975 – Sweden adopts constitution

1981 – Greece is 10th country to join European
Economic Community

1984 – Brunei becomes independent of UK

1986 – Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao

1986 – Spain & Portugal are 11th & 12th to join
European Economic Community

1993 – Czechoslovakia separates into Czech
Republic ( Bohemia) & Slovakia

1997 – The Republic of Zaïre officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Zaïre.

1999 – The Euro currency is introduced.

2002 – Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union ‘s member states.

2002 – Taiwan officially joins the World Trade
Organization, as Chinese Taipei.

2007 – Bulgaria and Romania officially join the
European Union . Also, Bulgarian , Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union , joining 20 other official languages.

2007 – Slovenia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the thirteenth Eurozone country.

2008 – Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro
currency and become the fourteenth and fifteenth
Eurozone countries.

2009 – Slovakia officially adopts the Euro currency

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1449 – Lorenzo de ‘Medici (The Magnificent ) ,
Florentine statesman ( d. 1492 )

1752 – Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag

1892 – Manuel Roxas y Acuna, 1 st president
Philippines

1895 – J . Edgar Hoover, Washington , D. C. , first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924 -72)

FAMOUS DEATHS

1994 – Cesar Romero, US actor (Joker – Batman ), dies at 86

FAMOUS WEDDING

1994 – Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French ( 29)

2003 – ” Lord of The Rings ” actress Miranda Otto (35 ) weds actor Peter O ‘Brien ( 44) at St. Mary’s Cathedral in Sydney, Australia

2011 – Singer- songwriter Shania Twain ( 46) weds Swiss business executive Frederic Thiebaud in Rincon, Puerto Rico

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