This day in #History 23/03
1879 – War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
1881 – Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
1889 – The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
1918 – Lithuania proclaims independence
1919 – Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy
1934 – US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
1950 – UN World Meteorological Org established
1956 – Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
1956 – Sudan becomes independent
1942 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
2012 – Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, President of Somalia, dies from liver failure at 77