This Day in History 19/05
1635 – France declares war on Spain
1643 – Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut & New Harbor form United Colonies of New England
1649 – An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.
1793 – Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
1848 – Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
1885 – German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon & Togoland
1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official date of commemoration of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus.
1943 – Berlin is declared “Judenrien” (free of Jews)
009 – Sri Lanka announces victory in its 27 year war against the terrorist organisation, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
2012 – Chelsea defeat Bayern Munich in penalty shootout to win the UEFA Champion’s League
1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)
1890 – Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Nghệ An Province, French Indochina, Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69)
918 – Florence Chadwick, San Diego, swimmer (1st to swim English Channel both ways), (d. 1995)
1925 – Malcolm X, [Little], [Detroit Red], Omaha Nebraska, human rights activist and founder of the Black Muslims
1942 – Gary Kildall, creator of CP/M
1946 – André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993)
1981 – Nate Cole, American singer
1982 – Kevin Amankwaah, English footballer
1987 – Mariano Torres, Argentine footballer
1898 – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
1904 – Auguste Molinier, French historian (b. 1851)
1935 – Thomas E Lawrence (of Arabia), dies in a motorcycle crash