This Day in History 23/05


1568 – The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.

1785 – Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

1788 – South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution

1813 – South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador (“The Liberator”)

1844 – Declaration of Bab (Baha’i festival) (‘Azamat 7, 1)

1853 – Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)

1922 – Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films

1943 – Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

1949 – Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)

1939 – British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949

2000 – Eminem releases 3rd studio album ‘The Marshall Mathers LP’, is fastest ever selling studio album (Grammy – Best Rap Album 2001)

2008 – The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries


1908 – John Bardeen, US, physicist (transistor, Nobel 1956, 1972)

1951 – Anatoli Karpov, USSR, world chess champion (1975-85)

1962 – Imran Anwar, Pakistani Internet pioneer and American TV personality

1965 – Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Real Madrid footballer

1974 – Jewel Kilcher, Payson, Utah, American singer-songwriter (Pieces of You)


1974 – Ken Jennings, American game show contestant


1975 – Kim Sung-soo, South Korean actor

1976 – Ricardinho, Brazilian footballer


1701 – William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London’s Execution Dock


1786 – Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (b. 1746)

1886 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)

1934 – Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush at 23


1934 – Clyde Barrow, outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police

1937 – John Davison Rockfeller, industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach Fla

1937 – John D Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 97


2002 – Sam Snead, American golfer (b. 1912)


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