This Day In #History 31/07


July 31, 1896
The National Association of Colored Women (NACW) was established in Washington, D.C. Its two leading members were Josephine Ruffin and Mary Church Terrell. Founders also included some of the most renowned African-American women educators, community leaders, and civil-rights activists in America, including Harriet Tubman, Frances E.W. Harper, Margaret Murray Washington, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett.

The original intention of the organization was “to furnish evidence of the moral, mental and material progress made by people of colour through the efforts of our women.” However, over the next ten years the NACW became involved in campaigns favoring women’s suffrage and opposing lynching and Jim Crow laws. By the time the United States entered the First World War, membership had reached 300,000.

July 31, 1986
25,000 people rallied in Namibia for freedom from South African colonial rule. In June, 1971 the International Court of Justice had ruled the South African presence in Namibia to be illegal. Eventually, open elections for a 72-member Constituent Assembly were held under U.N. supervision in November, 1989. Three months later Namibia gained its independence, and maintains it today.

H/T Carl Bunin of PeaceButtons


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THIS DAY IN HISTORY 02/06


This Day in History 02/06

JUNE 2ND

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1863 – Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

1904 – Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis

1946 – Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)

1953 – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London

1974 – Mali adopts constitution

1974 – Malta’s constitution goes into effect

1994 – Indonesian censors ban Steven Spielberg’s “Schindler’s List”

2003 – Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1901 – Michael Todd, producer (Around the World in 80 Days)

1941 – Charlie Watts, drummer (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)

1972 – Wayne Brady, Columbus, Georgia, American actor and comedian (The Wayne Brady Show, Whose Line Is It Anyway?)

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1972 – Wentworth Miller, American actor

1989 – Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer

FAMOUS DEATHS

1927 – Lizzie Borden, American, acquitted of murder, dies at 68

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1941 – Lou Gehrig, 1st baseman (NY Yankee), dies of ALS in Riverdale NY at 37

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1976 – Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor

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