This Day In #History 01/08


August 1, 1914
 
As World War I began, Harry Hodgkin, a British Quaker, and Friedrich Siegmund-Schulte, a German Lutheran pastor, attending a conference in Germany, pledged to continue sowing the “seeds of peace and love, no matter what the future might bring,” germinating the idea for the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR).
FOR’s Mission: FOR seeks to replace violence, war, racism, and economic injustice with nonviolence, peace, and justice. We are an interfaith organization committed to active nonviolence as a transforming way of life and as a means of radical change. We educate, train, build coalitions, and engage in nonviolent and compassionate actions locally, nationally, and globally.

August 1, 1920

Mohandas Gandhi began the movement of “non-violent non-cooperation” with the British Raj (ruling colonial authority) in India. The strategy was to bring the British administrative machine to a halt by the total withdrawal of Indian popular support, both Hindu and Muslim. British-made goods were boycotted, as were schools, courts of law, and elective offices.

H/T Carl Bunin


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THIS DAY IN HISTORY 08/05


This Day in History 08/05

MAY 8TH

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1541 – Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River

1792 – British Capt George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Wash

1847 – Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre

1858 – John Brown holds antislavery convention

1895 – China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki

1912 – Film and television production/distribution studio Paramount Pictures is founded

1919 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day

1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.

1980 – World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated

1996 – South Africa’s Constitutional Assembly adopts permanent post-apartheid constitution

2013 – Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi receives a four year prison sentence for fraud

2013 – Sir Alex Ferguson announces his retirement as Manchester United’s manager at the end of the season

FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS

1753 – Phillis Wheatley, American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman.

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1786 – Thomas Hancock, founded British rubber industry

1884 – Harry Truman, Lamar Missouri, 33rd US President (D) (1945-1953), (d. 1972)

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1911 – Robert Johnson, blues singer (King of Delta Blues Singer)

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1940 – Peter Benchley, NYC, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), (d. 2006)

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1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Madrid, Spanish singer-songwriter and King of Latin Pop (Bailamos, Hero)

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FAMOUS DEATHS

1819 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819

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873 – John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66

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1985 – Karl Marx, German composer/conductor, dies at 87

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