This Day In #History 31/07

July 31, 1896
The National Association of Colored Women (NACW) was established in Washington, D.C. Its two leading members were Josephine Ruffin and Mary Church Terrell. Founders also included some of the most renowned African-American women educators, community leaders, and civil-rights activists in America, including Harriet Tubman, Frances E.W. Harper, Margaret Murray Washington, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett.

The original intention of the organization was “to furnish evidence of the moral, mental and material progress made by people of colour through the efforts of our women.” However, over the next ten years the NACW became involved in campaigns favoring women’s suffrage and opposing lynching and Jim Crow laws. By the time the United States entered the First World War, membership had reached 300,000.

July 31, 1986
25,000 people rallied in Namibia for freedom from South African colonial rule. In June, 1971 the International Court of Justice had ruled the South African presence in Namibia to be illegal. Eventually, open elections for a 72-member Constituent Assembly were held under U.N. supervision in November, 1989. Three months later Namibia gained its independence, and maintains it today.

H/T Carl Bunin of PeaceButtons

@iyabadan on Twitter


This day in #history 09/02



1849 – Roman Republic declared

1906 – Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu

1934 – Balkan Entente alliance forms ( Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania )

1961 – Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo

1962 – Jamaica signs agreement to become

1986 – Haydar Bakr al – Attas appointed president
of South Yemen

1990 – Namibia ‘s constitution ratified


1735 – Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian

1748 – Luther Martin, American patriot (d . 1826)

1853 – Leander Starr Jameson , PM of South
African Cape colony

1863 – Anthony Hope [Hopkins ], London , novelist

1943 – Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel laureate


1944 – Alice Walker, US, novelist (Color Purple, Meridian)


1985 – David Gallagher, American actor

1986 – Princess Raiyah bint Al Hussein, of Jordan


2001 – Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel laureate ( b. 1916)

2002 – Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom
(b . 1930 )