This day in #history 1012

1520 – Martin Luther publicly burned papal edict demands he recant

1582 – France begins use of Gregorian calendar

1684 – Isaac Newton ‘s derivation of Kepler’s laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.

817 – Mississippi admitted as 20 th state

1901 – 1 st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri
Dunant, Frederic Passy)

1901 – First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to
Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X -ray

1903 – Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie

1906 – Pres Theodore Roosevelt (1 st American )
awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1907 – Ruyard Kipling receives Nobel prize for

1910 – Johannes van der Waals wins Nobel Prize for physics

1911 – Tobias Asser given Nobel prize for peace

1913 – Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

1919 – Nobel peace prize awarded to US president Wilson

1922 – Nobel prizes awarded to Fridtjof Nansen, Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein

1924 – Willem Einthoven awarded Nobel for medicine

1925 – George Bernard Shaw awarded Nobel

1931 – Jane Addams ( 1 st US woman) named co- recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

1936 – Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives
Nobel prize for chemistry

1948 – UN General Assembly adopts Universal
Declaration of Human Rights

1950 – Ralph J Bunche (1 st black American )
presented Nobel Peace Prize

1954 – Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

1954 – Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize

1956 – Establishment of MPLA in Angola

1963 – Zanzibar becomes independent within British Commonwealth

1964 – Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Dr Martin Luther King Jr

1965 – Dutch ends economic boycott of Rhodesia

1966 – Israeli Shmuel Yosef Agnon wins Nobel Prize for literature

1966 – Nobel for chemistry awarded to Robert S

1978 – In Oslo, Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat accept 1978 Nobel Peace Prize

1983 – Danuta Walesa , wife of Lech Walesa, accepts his Nobel Peace Prize

1994 – Nobel prize awarded to Yitzhak Rabin ,
Shimon Peres & Yasser Arafat


1878 – Rajaji , India’s freedom fighter and the first
Governor General of independent India (d .1972 )

1948 – Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine
Liberation Front (d . 2004)

1957 – Prem Rawat, known also as Guru Maharaj Ji and Maharaji, American Indian spiritual leader and speaker


1896 – Alfred Nobel , Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63

2010 – John Bennett Fenn , American chemist , Nobel laureate (b . 1917)

1915 – 28 th US President Woodrow Wilson marries 2nd wife Edith Galt, a descendant of native American Pocahontas

This day in #History 0311

This day in #history 0311


644 Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
1394 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI
1468 Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy’s troops.
1493 Christopher Columbus discovers island of Dominica
1527 Ferdinand of Austria/Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary
1529 London – 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament
1534 English parliament accepts Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII church leader
1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony
1629 Prince Frederik Hendrik festival in The Hague
1640 English Long Parliament forms
1716 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Czar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I’s Polish kingdom
1752 Georg Friedrich Handel undergoes (failed) eye operation
1760 Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
1762 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
1762 – Spain acquires Louisiana
1796 John Adams elected president of the United States of America
1812 Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
1820 Cuenca Ecuador declares independence
1838 The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce

1903 Colombia grants independence to Panama

1918 – Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
1954 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe

1960 – Ivory Coast adopts constitution

1978 – Dominica gains independence from UK & adopts constitution



1933 – Amartya Sen, Santiniketan, Bengal, economist and Nobel Prize laureate (welfare economics and social choice theory
1952 – David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher


361 Flavius Julius Constantius II, 1st Byzantine Emperor, dies at 44

1982 Edward H Carr, British historian, dies at 90

1970 Peter II Karadjordjevic, last king of Yugoslavia (1934-45), dies at 57

1994 – Richard Krautheimer, US art historian, dies at 97