This Day in History 22/05



334 BC – The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus

1840 – The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished

1849 – Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device

1858 – Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms

1892 – Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube

1967 – Egyptian president Nassar closes Straits of Tiran to Israel

1972 – Ceylon becomes Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified

1972 – Ton Sijbrands becomes world checkers champion

1985 – Real Madrid wins 14th UEFA Cup at Madrid

1990 – Microsoft releases Windows 3.0

1990 – North & South Yemen merge to form Republic of Yemen

1991 – Inter Milan wins 20th UEFA Cup at Rome

2004 – The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It also kills one local resident.

2006 – Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.

2010 – Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus’ remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland after a 200 year search for his tomb


1813 – Richard Wagner, Leipsig Germany, composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman)

1859 – Arthur Conan Doyle, UK, author brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice


1970 – Naomi Campbell, London England, model/actress (Cool as Ice, Unzipped


1987 – Novak Đoković, Serbian tennis play


1885 – Victor(-Marie) Hugo, French writer (Les Miserables), dies at 83


1910 – Jules Renard, French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46

1921 – Marie E Wilton, writer, dies

1932 – Lady Augusta, [Isabella Gregory], playwright (Gold Apple), dies at 80

1939 – Ernst Toller, writer, dies at 45

1939 – Jiri Mahen, Czech author (b. 1882)

1948 – Claude McKaye, Jamaican/US author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies at 57

1949 – Klaus H T Mann, German/US writer (Turning Point), dies

1965 – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)

1967 – Langston Hughes, American poet (Weary Blues) and playwright (Mulatto), dies at 65


1970 – Joseph W Krutch, US writer (Measure of Man), dies at 76

2006 – Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organisation (b. 1945)

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