This Day In #History 28/07

July 28, 1868

Passed in the wake of the Civil War, the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process, equal protection of the law, and full citizenship to all males over 21, including former slaves, went into effect.

July 28, 1917
W.E.B. DuBois and others organized a silent parade down Fifth Avenue in New York City against the lynching of negroes and segregationist Jim Crow laws. There had been nearly 3,000 documented cases of hangings and other mob violence against black Americans since the Reconstruction period following the Civil War.

July 28, 1965
President Lyndon Johnson ordered 50,000 troops to Vietnam to join the 75,000 already there. By the end of the year 180,000 U.S. troops will have been sent to Vietnam; in 1966 the figure doubled. In addition to countless Vietnamese deaths, close to 1900 Americans were killed in 1965; the following year the number more than tripled.

Lyndon Johnson told the nation: Have no fear of escalation, I am trying everyone to please Though it isn’t really  war

We’re sending fifty thousand more

To help save Vietnam from Vietnamese
President Johnson explained: “We intend to convince the communists that we cannot be defeated by force of arms or by superior power.”

July 28, 1982
San Francisco became the first U.S. city to ban the sale and possession of handguns. The law was struck down by state courts, which ruled the local law to be in violation of the California constitution which gives the state the sole power to regulate firearms.

H/T Carl Bunin of PeaceButtons

@iyabadan on Twitter


This day in #history 1812

1859 – South Carolina declared an ” independent

1888 – Richard Wetherill and his brother in -law
discover the ancient Indian ruins of Mesa Verde .

1890 – Lugards expedition to Mengo /Kampala ,

1917 – Soviet regiment ( Stalin/ Lenin ) declares
Finland Independent

1945 – Uruguay joins UN

1956 – Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai

1956 – Japan admitted to UN

958 – Niger gains autonomy within French
Community (National Day )

1960 – General Meeting of UN condemns apartheid

1961 – India annexes Portuguese colonies of Goa, Damao & Diu

1966 – Saturn ‘s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.

1969 – Britain abolishes death penalty

1971 – People United To Save Humanity (PUSH )
forms by Jesse Jackson in Chic

1980 – Vietnam adopts constitution


1707 – Charles Wesley , co- founder ( Methodist

1856 – J . J. Thomson, Manchester, England, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906)

1878 – Joseph Stalin [ Josef ], Gori, Russian Empire , Premier of the Soviet Union ( 1941- 1953 ), ( d . 1953 )

1946 – Stephen (Steve ) Biko , South African anti – apartheid activist

1946 – Steven Spielberg, Cincinnati, director (ET, Close Encounters, Jaws)

1963 – Brad Pitt , Shawnee , Oklahoma, American
actor ( 12 Monkeys , Fight Club )

978 – Katie Holmes, Toledo, Ohio , American actress (Dawson’s Creek, Batman Begins)

1980 – Christina Aguilera, American singer (Genie in a Bottle , What a Girl Wants)


1829 – Jean- Baptiste de Lamarck, French naturalist, dies at 85


1915 – US President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt

1932 – Civil rights activist Rosa Parks (19) weds Raymond Parks (29) in Montgomery, Alabama

1983 – Wrestler Hulk Hogan ( 30) weds Linda Claridge

1987 – Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan’s future Prime Minister , marries Asif Ali Zardari